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省委农村工作领导小组办公室主任、省农业农村厅厅长张集智解读2022年省委一号文件
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索 引 号: 000014349/2022-849565 信息分类: 政策解读
发布机构: 生成日期: 2022-04-07
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名  称: 省委农村工作领导小组办公室主任、省农业农村厅厅长张集智解读2022年省委一号文件

附件:贵州省委2022年一号文件公布(全文)


全面推进贵州乡村振兴重点工作取得新进展

——省委农村工作领导小组办公室主任、省农业农村厅厅长张集智解读2022年省委一号文件

近(jin)日,省委、省福性宝官方入(ru)口印发了《关于做(zuo)好(hao)2022年全面(mian)推进乡村振(zhen)兴重点工作的实施(shi)意见(jian)》,即(ji)2022年省委一号文件。省委农村工作领导小组办公(gong)室主任、省农业农村厅厅长张集智就文件主要精神作了解读。

张集智说,2022年(nian)省委一(yi)号文件(jian)深入(ru)贯彻习近(jin)平总书(shu)记重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)要(yao)指示精神(shen),全(quan)面(mian)落(luo)实中(zhong)央(yang)和省委“三(san)农”工作(zuo)(zuo)部署,对全(quan)面(mian)推(tui)进(jin)我省乡(xiang)村(cun)振(zhen)兴(xing)重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)点工作(zuo)(zuo)进(jin)行(xing)了系统安排。文件(jian)突(tu)(tu)出年(nian)度性(xing)(xing)(xing)任务(wu)、聚焦针对性(xing)(xing)(xing)举(ju)措、坚持实效(xiao)性(xing)(xing)(xing)导向(xiang),着力提高农业(ye)产业(ye)规模化(hua)(hua)、标(biao)(biao)准化(hua)(hua)、品(pin)牌化(hua)(hua)水平,更加(jia)注重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)市场(chang)化(hua)(hua)推(tui)动、更加(jia)注重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)农业(ye)提质增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)效(xiao)、更加(jia)注重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)发挥农民(min)主体(ti)作(zuo)(zuo)用、更加(jia)注重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)促进(jin)农民(min)增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)收(shou),全(quan)面(mian)推(tui)进(jin)乡(xiang)村(cun)振(zhen)兴(xing),加(jia)快推(tui)动农业(ye)现代(dai)化(hua)(hua),不断促进(jin)农业(ye)稳(wen)产增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)产、农民(min)稳(wen)步增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)收(shou)、农村(cun)稳(wen)定安宁。2022年(nian)主要(yao)目标(biao)(biao)是(shi):第(di)一(yi)产业(ye)增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)加(jia)值增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)长(zhang)6%,农村(cun)常(chang)住居民(min)人均可(ke)支(zhi)配收(shou)入(ru)增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)长(zhang)12%左右。文件(jian)主要(yao)精神(shen)可(ke)以用“三(san)一(yi)二三(san)”来概括,即:扛(kang)牢(lao)三(san)个(ge)重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)大责任,突(tu)(tu)出一(yi)个(ge)首要(yao)任务(wu),加(jia)强(qiang)两个(ge)制度保障,做好(hao)三(san)项(xiang)重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)点工作(zuo)(zuo)。

扛牢三(san)个重大(da)责任,坚决守(shou)住发展底线(xian)

张集智指出,保(bao)障(zhang)国家粮食安(an)全、不发生规模性(xing)返贫和落实耕地(di)保(bao)护(hu)硬措施是习近平总书记最(zui)关(guan)心(xin)的三件事,是我省“三农”发展的底线,做好今年乡村振兴重点工作,要坚决扛牢这三个重大(da)政(zheng)治责(ze)任。

一是扛牢粮(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)食生(sheng)产(chan)(chan)(chan)政治责(ze)(ze)任。省(sheng)委一号文件提出(chu),各(ge)级党委福(fu)性宝(bao)官方入口要全面(mian)落实(shi)粮(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)食安(an)全党政同(tong)责(ze)(ze)和(he)“菜(cai)(cai)篮子”市长负责(ze)(ze)制,全力以赴(fu)抓好粮(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)食生(sheng)产(chan)(chan)(chan)和(he)重要农(nong)产(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)供给(ji),坚决完成国(guo)家下达的4156.4万(wan)(wan)亩粮(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)食播种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)面(mian)积目(mu)标任务,确保产(chan)(chan)(chan)量(liang)只增不减(jian),确保猪肉、蔬菜(cai)(cai)等农(nong)副产(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)供给(ji)安(an)全。要重点抓好粮(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)食单(dan)产(chan)(chan)(chan)提升(sheng)工程,力争全省(sheng)粮(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)食、油菜(cai)(cai)籽平均单(dan)产(chan)(chan)(chan)分别比上年提升(sheng)2%以上、3%以上。加快提高(gao)食用植物油产(chan)(chan)(chan)能,实(shi)施以粮(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)油轮作为主的耕(geng)地(di)轮作模式,确保油菜(cai)(cai)种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)植面(mian)积750万(wan)(wan)亩;推广大(da)(da)豆(dou)玉(yu)米带状复(fu)合种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)植,确保完成大(da)(da)豆(dou)播种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)面(mian)积347.6万(wan)(wan)亩。调动农(nong)民种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)粮(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)积极性,试点探索将耕(geng)地(di)地(di)力保护(hu)补贴(tie)最大(da)(da)限度向种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)粮(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)主体倾斜。

二是扛牢巩固拓展脱贫(pin)(pin)攻坚(jian)成(cheng)果(guo)政(zheng)治责任。省委(wei)一号文件强(qiang)调,要坚(jian)决守住不发生规模性返(fan)(fan)贫(pin)(pin)底线,分(fen)类分(fen)级推进乡村(cun)(cun)振兴。严格(ge)落实好五(wu)年过(guo)渡期“四个不摘(zhai)”等各项(xiang)政(zheng)策举(ju)措,做(zuo)好防(fang)止(zhi)返(fan)(fan)贫(pin)(pin)动态监测和帮扶(fu)(fu)工作。抓(zhua)牢防(fang)止(zhi)返(fan)(fan)贫(pin)(pin)监测和帮扶(fu)(fu)两(liang)个环节,抓(zhua)住产(chan)(chan)业(ye)就业(ye)两(liang)个关键,抓(zhua)好国家乡村(cun)(cun)振兴重(zhong)点帮扶(fu)(fu)县和易地搬迁集中(zhong)安(an)置区两(liang)个重(zhong)点,抓(zhua)实村(cun)(cun)集体经济和扶(fu)(fu)贫(pin)(pin)项(xiang)目(mu)资(zi)产(chan)(chan)两(liang)个基(ji)础。开展“回头(tou)看”工作,巩固拓展义务教育、基(ji)本(ben)医疗、住房(fang)安(an)全(quan)以及安(an)全(quan)饮水保障成(cheng)果(guo)。加强(qiang)扶(fu)(fu)贫(pin)(pin)项(xiang)目(mu)资(zi)产(chan)(chan)后续管(guan)(guan)理,提高项(xiang)目(mu)管(guan)(guan)理效益。

三(san)是扛牢(lao)耕(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di)(di)保护(hu)建设(she)政治责任(ren)。省委一(yi)号文件提出(chu),要落(luo)实(shi)(shi)“长(zhang)牙齿”的耕(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di)(di)保护(hu)硬措施,实(shi)(shi)行(xing)耕(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di)(di)保护(hu)党政同责,严(yan)守耕(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di)(di)红线。把(ba)耕(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di)(di)保有量和(he)永(yong)久基本农(nong)(nong)田(tian)保护(hu)目(mu)标(biao)任(ren)务足(zu)额(e)带位(wei)置逐(zhu)级分解下达,签订耕(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di)(di)保护(hu)目(mu)标(biao)责任(ren)书(shu),作为刚性(xing)指标(biao)实(shi)(shi)行(xing)严(yan)格考核、一(yi)票否决、终(zhong)身(shen)追责。加强(qiang)耕(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di)(di)用(yong)途管(guan)控,严(yan)格落(luo)实(shi)(shi)耕(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di)(di)利用(yong)优(you)先序,耕(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di)(di)主要用(yong)于(yu)粮食和(he)油料、蔬(shu)菜等(deng)农(nong)(nong)产(chan)(chan)品及(ji)饲草饲料生产(chan)(chan),永(yong)久基本农(nong)(nong)田(tian)重点用(yong)于(yu)粮食生产(chan)(chan),高(gao)标(biao)准农(nong)(nong)田(tian)原(yuan)则上(shang)全部用(yong)于(yu)粮食生产(chan)(chan)。引(yin)导新发(fa)展(zhan)林果业上(shang)山上(shang)坡,鼓励(li)利用(yong)“四荒”资(zi)源,不与粮争地(di)(di)(di)(di)。严(yan)格管(guan)控耕(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di)(di)转为其他农(nong)(nong)用(yong)地(di)(di)(di)(di),坚决遏制耕(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di)(di)“非农(nong)(nong)化”、防止“非粮化”。挖(wa)掘潜力增加耕(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di)(di),允许结(jie)合农(nong)(nong)业结(jie)构调整将符合条件的园地(di)(di)(di)(di)、灌木(mu)林恢(hui)复为耕(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di)(di),新增耕(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di)(di)可(ke)用(yong)于(yu)占(zhan)补(bu)平衡(heng)。今年(nian)建成高(gao)标(biao)准农(nong)(nong)田(tian)260万亩,同步推进(jin)25万亩高(gao)效节(jie)水灌溉建设(she)。

突出一个首要任务,努力增加农(nong)民收入

张集智强调,省委、省福性宝官方入口(kou)把促进农民(min)增收作(zuo)(zuo)为(wei)今年重(zhong)点工(gong)作(zuo)(zuo),各(ge)(ge)级各(ge)(ge)部门要把增加农民(min)收入作(zuo)(zuo)为(wei)巩固脱贫攻坚成果、推进乡村振(zhen)兴的首要任务(wu),采取(qu)有力举(ju)措,促进农民(min)持续(xu)较快增收。

省委一号文件提(ti)出,积极落(luo)实稳(wen)岗就(jiu)(jiu)(jiu)业(ye)政策,加大内拓(tuo)外(wai)输(shu)力(li)度,保持脱贫劳动力(li)外(wai)出务工规模,以县为单位(wei)将(jiang)农村劳动力(li)外(wai)出务工组(zu)织化(hua)程(cheng)度提(ti)高(gao)到(dao)70%以上,提(ti)高(gao)农民(min)(min)外(wai)出务工组(zu)织化(hua)程(cheng)度。将(jiang)以工代赈项目投入(ru)中的劳务报酬比(bi)例提(ti)高(gao)到(dao)20%,促(cu)进(jin)(jin)农民(min)(min)就(jiu)(jiu)(jiu)地就(jiu)(jiu)(jiu)近就(jiu)(jiu)(jiu)业(ye)创(chuang)业(ye)便利(li)化(hua)。推进(jin)(jin)经(jing)(jing)营(ying)性(xing)资产股份合作(zuo)制(zhi)改革,将(jiang)农村集(ji)(ji)体(ti)经(jing)(jing)营(ying)性(xing)资产以股份或者份额形式量化(hua)到(dao)本集(ji)(ji)体(ti)成(cheng)员,提(ti)高(gao)农民(min)(min)财产性(xing)收入(ru)占(zhan)比(bi)。坚持家庭(ting)(ting)经(jing)(jing)营(ying)基础性(xing)地位(wei),支持龙头企(qi)业(ye)与农民(min)(min)合作(zuo)社(she)、家庭(ting)(ting)农场建(jian)立农业(ye)产业(ye)化(hua)联合体(ti),完善利(li)益联结机(ji)制(zhi),拓(tuo)宽农民(min)(min)增(zeng)收渠道,提(ti)升农民(min)(min)家庭(ting)(ting)经(jing)(jing)营(ying)性(xing)收入(ru)主体(ti)化(hua)程(cheng)度。

加强两(liang)个制度保障,夯实“三农”发(fa)展基础

张集智强(qiang)调(diao),今年(nian)乡村(cun)振兴重(zhong)点工(gong)作能(neng)否全面落实,改革创新是(shi)动力,制度保障是(shi)基础,抓好落实是(shi)关键。省(sheng)委一号(hao)文件重(zhong)点从两(liang)个方面进行了安排。

一是持续深化(hua)农(nong)(nong)村(cun)改革。落(luo)实保持土(tu)地(di)(di)承包关系(xi)稳定并长久不变政策(ce),深化(hua)农(nong)(nong)村(cun)“三变”、农(nong)(nong)村(cun)集(ji)体(ti)产权(quan)制(zhi)度和集(ji)体(ti)林权(quan)制(zhi)度等改革,激活农(nong)(nong)村(cun)资源要素和创(chuang)业创(chuang)新动能。加(jia)大息烽(feng)、湄潭、金沙(sha)3个县(xian)农(nong)(nong)村(cun)宅基地(di)(di)制(zhi)度改革试(shi)点整(zheng)县(xian)推进(jin)(jin)力度。稳妥推进(jin)(jin)农(nong)(nong)村(cun)集(ji)体(ti)经(jing)营性建(jian)设用地(di)(di)使用权(quan)抵押融资。

二是加强党对“三农”工作(zuo)的全(quan)面领导(dao)(dao)。落实(shi)(shi)五(wu)级书记抓乡(xiang)(xiang)村振(zhen)兴(xing)(xing)责任,配合(he)做好省级党政领导(dao)(dao)班子和领导(dao)(dao)干部推(tui)(tui)进(jin)乡(xiang)(xiang)村振(zhen)兴(xing)(xing)战略实(shi)(shi)绩(ji)考(kao)核(he),完善市县党政领导(dao)(dao)班子和领导(dao)(dao)干部推(tui)(tui)进(jin)乡(xiang)(xiang)村振(zhen)兴(xing)(xing)战略实(shi)(shi)绩(ji)考(kao)核(he)制度。省市县党委农村工作(zuo)领导(dao)(dao)小(xiao)组要发(fa)挥(hui)“三农”工作(zuo)牵头抓总、统筹协(xie)调等作(zuo)用,加强领导(dao)(dao)小(xiao)组办公室建(jian)设。

做好(hao)三项重点工作,有序推(tui)进乡村(cun)振兴

张集智强(qiang)调,补齐乡(xiang)村发展短板,要做好乡(xiang)村发展、乡(xiang)村建设和乡(xiang)村治理三(san)项重点(dian)工作(zuo),不断夯实乡(xiang)村发展基础,全(quan)面推进乡(xiang)村振(zhen)兴(xing)。省委一(yi)号(hao)文件对相关工作(zuo)作(zuo)了部署。

一是促进(jin)(jin)乡村产(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)融合发(fa)展(zhan)。巩固提升(sheng)产(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)结构调(diao)整(zheng)成(cheng)果,对(dui)12个农业(ye)(ye)(ye)特(te)色优(you)势产(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)和烤烟(yan)等(deng)传统优(you)势产(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)中成(cheng)长潜力(li)(li)大(da)、综合效益(yi)好、带动(dong)能力(li)(li)强、农民受益(yi)多的(de)主(zhu)导产(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye),加(jia)(jia)强管(guan)理、提升(sheng)效益(yi)、提高市场占有(you)率;对(dui)基础相对(dui)较(jiao)差(cha)的(de)特(te)色产(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye),按(an)照(zhao)市场化(hua)方(fang)向,及时(shi)调(diao)整(zheng)种(zhong)养结构,提高农业(ye)(ye)(ye)发(fa)展(zhan)质量效益(yi)。大(da)力(li)(li)发(fa)展(zhan)林业(ye)(ye)(ye)产(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)和林下经济。持续推进(jin)(jin)一二三产(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)融合发(fa)展(zhan)。加(jia)(jia)强农产(chan)(chan)品流通体系建设。推进(jin)(jin)农业(ye)(ye)(ye)农村绿(lv)色发(fa)展(zhan)。

二是扎实稳(wen)妥推进(jin)乡村(cun)(cun)(cun)建(jian)(jian)设。落实乡村(cun)(cun)(cun)振兴为农民(min)而兴、乡村(cun)(cun)(cun)建(jian)(jian)设为农民(min)而建(jian)(jian)的要求(qiu),坚(jian)(jian)持自下而上、村(cun)(cun)(cun)民(min)自治(zhi)、农民(min)参与,坚(jian)(jian)持数(shu)量服(fu)从质量、进(jin)度服(fu)从实效,求(qiu)好不(bu)求(qiu)快,把握乡村(cun)(cun)(cun)建(jian)(jian)设的时度效,不(bu)超越发展阶段搞大(da)融资、大(da)开发、大(da)建(jian)(jian)设。发挥特色田园乡村(cun)(cun)(cun)集成示范试(shi)点引领作用,接续实施(shi)(shi)农村(cun)(cun)(cun)人居环(huan)境(jing)整治(zhi)提升五年行(xing)动,加强乡村(cun)(cun)(cun)基础(chu)设施(shi)(shi)和数(shu)字乡村(cun)(cun)(cun)建(jian)(jian)设,强化(hua)县域统筹基本公共服(fu)务责(ze)任。

三是(shi)加(jia)(jia)强和改(gai)进乡村(cun)治(zhi)(zhi)理(li)。健(jian)全党组织(zhi)领导的自治(zhi)(zhi)、法治(zhi)(zhi)、德(de)治(zhi)(zhi)相结(jie)合的乡村(cun)治(zhi)(zhi)理(li)体系,推行(xing)网格(ge)化管(guan)理(li)、数字(zi)化赋(fu)能、精(jing)细化服(fu)务。加(jia)(jia)强新时代(dai)农村(cun)精(jing)神文明建设(she),推广“道德(de)红黑榜”等治(zhi)(zhi)理(li)方式,开展志(zhi)愿服(fu)务行(xing)动,发挥村(cun)规(gui)民约、红白(bai)理(li)事(shi)会等作(zuo)用,加(jia)(jia)强家庭家教家风建设(she),开展高(gao)价彩礼(li)、大操大办(ban)、薄养(yang)厚葬、铺张(zhang)浪费(fei)等陈规(gui)陋(lou)习(xi)治(zhi)(zhi)理(li),弘扬文明乡风。加(jia)(jia)强农村(cun)风险(xian)防范治(zhi)(zhi)理(li),维(wei)护农村(cun)社会稳(wen)定。


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